Review & Comments : WikiLeaks Attacks

Bandung, November 30th, 2010 – 2.00 pm

Almost 7 hours i have been watching CNN and it keeps discusses about WikiLeaks.

WikiLeaks, an international non-profit media organization that publishes submissions of otherwise unavailable documents from anonymous sources and leaks. Its website, launched in 2006, is run by The Sunshine Press.[1] Within a year of its launch, the site claimed a database that had grown to more than 1.2 million documents.[3]

The organization has described itself as having been founded by Chinese dissidents, as well as journalists, mathematicians, and start-up company technologists from the U.S., Taiwan, Europe, Australia, and South Africa.[1] Newspaper articles and The New Yorker magazine (7 June 2010) describe Julian Assange, an Australian Internet activist, as its director.[4]

WikiLeaks has won a number of awards, including the 2008 Economist magazine New Media Award.[5] In June 2009, WikiLeaks and Julian Assange won Amnesty International‘s UK Media Award (in the category “New Media”) for the 2008 publication of “Kenya: The Cry of Blood – Extra Judicial Killings and Disappearances”,[6] a report by the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights about police killings in Kenya.[7] In May 2010, the New York Daily News listed WikiLeaks first in a ranking of “websites that could totally change the news”.[8]

In April 2010, WikiLeaks posted video from a 2007 incident in which Iraqi civilians were killed by U.S. forces, on a website called Collateral Murder. In July of the same year, WikiLeaks released Afghan War Diary, a compilation of more than 76,900 documents about the War in Afghanistan not previously available for public review.[9] In October, the group released a package of almost 400,000 documents called the Iraq War Logs in coordination with major commercial media organisations.

WikiLeaks was launched as a user-editable site, but has progressively moved towards a more traditional publication model, and no longer accepts either user comments or edits, which means, according to Wikipedia cofounder Jimmy Wales, that it is not a wiki.[10]

*For more information you can go directly to its website : or see a brief explanation about WikiLeaks on

Ternyata WikiLeaks bukan lah organisasi baru. Organisasi ini sudah terbentuk sejak tahun 2006. Namun apa yang membuatnya tenar seperti sekarang ini ?

Banyak orang mengatakan jika ingin menjadi tenar, yang harus anda miliki adalah : prestasi atau kontroversi.

Entah di posisi mana kita harus memposisikan WikiLeaks, karena sangat bias batas antara prestasi dan kontroversi, atau mungkin mereka memiliki prestasi yang membuat sebuah kontroversi.

Ya, tahun 2010 ini bisa dikatakan sebagai tahunnya WikiLeaks, mereka mulai menjadi pusat perhatian pemerintah, media maupun publik internasional, terutama sejak mereka membuka data-data rahasia Department of Defense Amerika Serikat mengenai program di Irak dan Afghanistan, dan kini mengenai kasus Diplomatic Cablegate.

CNN sejak pagi tadi terus menerus membahas mengenai permasalahan cablegate, hal ini dirasa mulai meresahkan publik Amerika Serikat dan publik internasional.

Lalu apa yang telah dilakukan oleh WikiLeaks yang dianggap meresahkan Amerika Serikat dan sekutunya ?

Berkaitan dengan isu cable gate, berikut adalah ulasannya yang diambil dari

State Department documents released by whistle-blowing website WikiLeaks provided candid views of foreign leaders and sensitive information on terrorism and nuclear proliferation, the New York Times reported on Sunday.The documents show Saudi donors remain chief financiers of militant groups like al Qaida and that Chinese government operatives have waged a coordinated campaign of computer sabotage targeting the United States and its allies, according to a review of the WikiLeaks documents published in the Times.

The WikiLeaks documents also show Defense Secretary Robert Gates believes any military strike on Iran would only delay its pursuit of a nuclear weapon by one to three years, the Times reported on its website on Sunday.

The Pentagon immediately condemned WikiLeaks’ “reckless” dump of classified State Department documents and said it was taking steps to bolster security of U.S. military networks.

“The (Defense) Department has undertaken a series of actions to prevent such incidents from occurring in the future,” Pentagon spokesman Bryan Whitman said.

The White House said the leak of the diplomatic cables could compromise private discussions with foreign governments and opposition leaders and may put at risk the lives of named individuals living “under oppressive regimes.”

The pending documents release had been widely reported for more than a week and expected on Sunday.

The U.S. government, which was informed in advance of the contents, has contacted governments around the world, including in Russia, Europe and the Middle East, to try to limit any damage. Sources familiar with the documents say they include corruption allegations against foreign leaders and governments.

WikiLeaks had reported earlier on Sunday that its website was under attack, but said later that media outlets would publish some of the classified documents it had released even if the group’s website crashed.

“El Pais, Le Monde, Speigel, Guardian & NYT will publish many U.S. embassy cables tonight, even if WikiLeaks goes down,” the website said in a Twitter posting an hour after it tweeted that its site was under attack.

The State Department had warned WikiLeaks that the expected release would endanger countless lives, jeopardize American military operations and hurt international cooperation on global security issues.

The department’s top lawyer urged WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange in a letter on Saturday to keep classified documents off the website, remove records of them from its database and return any material to the U.S. government.

Lalu ada pula reaksi pemerintah Amerika Serikat melalui Secretary of States, Hillary Rodham Clinton (

In the first response from the White House following the release of the cables, she said the US was taking “aggressive steps” to find those responsible for the leak.

“The United States strongly condemns the illegal disclosure of classified information,”Mrs Clinton said.

It puts people’s lives in danger, threatens our national security and undermines our efforts to work with other countries to solve shared problems.

She went on: “This disclosure is not just an attack on America’s foreign policy interests.

It is an attack on the international community – the alliances and partnerships, the conversations and negotiations, that safeguard global security and advance economic prosperity.

The Secretary of State, who has herself been accused of encouraging diplomats to engage in low-level espionage, added the US “deeply regrets the disclosure of any information that was intended to be confidential”.

I want to make clear, our official foreign policy is not set through these messages, but in Washington.

US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton

More than 250,000 documents were obtained by WikiLeaks and the contents shared with several newspapers around the world, including The Guardian in the UK.

The website claims it published the information to “reveal the contradictions between the US’s public persona and what it says behind closed doors”.

“Our policy is a matter of public record, as reflected in our statements and our actions around the world.”

She added: “There is nothing laudable about endangering innocent people.

There is nothing brave about sabotaging the peaceful relations between nations on which our common security depends.

Menarik jika kita mengamati situasi seperti ini, ketika negara sebesar United States of America mulai mengambil langkah tegas dalam menghadapi WikiLeaks. Tanggapan lainnya juga datang dari Presiden Republik Iran, Ahmadinnejad, yang mengatakan bahwa AS sengaja membocorkan data rahasianya melalui WikiLeaks.

Fenomena kebocoran data rahasis seperti ini akan memunculkan kebocoran-kebocoran lainnya, mengingat bahwa Amerika Serikat ‘bermain’ dalam ranah global dengan kepentingan yang begitu kompleks dan bervariasi. Kita akan ingat, fenomena domino effects yang terkenal pada era Perang Dingin, AS menyebutnya efek domino dikarenakan jatuhnya sebuah negara ke tangan komunisme akan menyebabkan jatuhnya negara lain di sekitarnya ke dalam hal yang serupa. Menarik, dalam upaya menanggapinya, AS (George F.Kennan) merekomendasikan sebuah kebijakan containment, sesuai dengan artinya ‘pembendung’ yang ditujukan untuk menjaga, memperkuat dan mencegah faktor-faktor lain agar tidak jatuh ke dalam ‘lubang’ yang sama.

Lalu kini dalam mencegah potensi domino effects dari WikiLeaks, apa yang akan dilakukan oleh Amerika Serikat ?

Apakah AS menyiapkan kebijakan ‘containment’ baru dalam upayanya menanggapi WikiLeaks ?

Karena menurut saya, isu WikiLeaks bukan isu isapan jempol semata, karena kini hal tersebut sudah semakin intens dibahas oleh media-media internasional dan mengundang reaksi para pejabat pemerintahan AS, sekutu, maupun ‘lawan’ dari AS itu sendiri.

Mungkin banyak pula pihak yang mempertanyakan validitas data ya ‘dibocorkan’ oleh WikiLeaks. Saya akan menjawab dengan singkat dan mudah diterima akal sehat, kita bisa melihat mulai banyaknya negara-negara yang melakukan blocking / ban kepada situs WikiLeaks, dengan semakin banyaknya negara yang melakukan hal ini, secara tidak langsung hal ini memberi jawaban bahwa data WikiLeaks dianggap sebagai ancaman yang serius, sehingga semakin banyak negara yang mem-block akses kepada WikiLeaks, bisa menjadi justifikasi semakin valid nya data yang dibocorkan oleh WikiLeaks. Mungkin itu logika sederhana nya.

Well, kita lihat saja apa yang akan terjadi selanjutnya dan sampai seberapa jauh WikiLeaks mampu membongkar data-data rahasia milik Amerika Serikat dan negara lainnya.

Konspirasi ini sangat menarik dan bisa menjadi titik baru bagi sejarah ilmu hubungan internasional dan politik global.


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